Hilton Head, SC
Hilton Head Fast Facts are little tidbits of information
about Hilton Head Island. Want to sound like a native? Show your
friends and family that you know more about an exquisite island on the
coast of South Carolina than they do? Then read on...
- 95 miles south of historic Charleston ... on the South Carolina
- Hilton Head Island sports 12 miles of wide, hard-packed beaches
which range up to 600 feet at low tide. The tide levels change as
much as 6-8 feet every 6 hours. Popular beach activities include
bicycling, jogging, and sun bathing.
- If the Shoe Fits
- Hilton Head Island is shaped like a foot and sections of the
Island are refered to as the toe, instep, heel, and ankle. Up to 12
miles long and nearly 4 miles wide, Hilton Head encompasses 42
- Two Wheelers
- One of the Island's most popular activities is bicycling
whether on the beach or along the numerous paths and trails. Many
of the trails lead the biker through lush forests and marshlands.
- And More
- But bicycling is not the only sport available to vacationers
and residents of Hilton Head Island. There's never a dull moment
here with more than 20 public golf courses, 300 tennis courts,
horse back riding along the beach, eco-tours of the Island's nature
preserves, sailing, deep sea fishing, windsurfing, crabbing,
canoing, exploring, birding...
- From Humble Beginnings
- The Hilton Head Island as we know it today began as an
extraordinary vision of one man, Charles Fraser. His dream was to
create a unique vacation resort where environmental concerns were
intertwined with its development. Charles was a bold visionary who
fought popular opinion in the 50's to create Sea Pines, a hugely
successful and environmentally sensitive resort development.
- A Rose by Any Other Name
- Hilton Head Island is named for the English sea captain William
Hilton who was hired by a syndicate of Barbadian planters and
claimed the island for England. Hilton "discovered" the island in
1663 but European colonization did not occur until around 1800.
Before the Civil War, the plantations on Hilton Head Island
prospered growing rice, indigo, and cotton.
- Earliest Inhabitants
- Native Indians resided on Hilton Head Island as early as 4000
BC. Evidence of early settlement remains today in the form of a
3400 year old "Indian Shell ring" in Sea Pines Forest Preserve.
- Part of the North American Atlantic flyway, Hilton Head Island
supports over 250 species of birds during the year. The Loggerhead
Turtle makes parts of Hilton Head Island shoreline it's nesting
ground. Bottle-nosed dolphin play in the surf. There are deer in
the woods and alligators in the lagoons.
- Yankee Go Home
- During the Civil War, Hilton Head Island was captured and
occupied by the Union forces. Overtaken by a massive amphibious
landing (the size of which was not attempted again until WWII),
Hilton Head Island became a strategic outpost for the blockade of
Confederate sea ports.
- State Moniker: The Palmetto State
State Bird: Carolina Wren
State Flower: Yellow Jasmine
State Tree: Palmetto (a small, indigenous palm)
State Capitol: Columbia